TYPES OF DIABETES

DIABETES TYPE 1

Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile onset Diabetes) develops when the body is unable to produce any amount of insulin. This results in high amount of glucose in blood.

DIABETES TYPE 2

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder caused by deficiency in insulin secretion / action. The following symptoms are common in diabetes.

GESTATIONAL DIABETES

Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes.

DIAGNOSING TEST

GLYCATED HEMOGLOBIN (A1C) TEST

The HbA1C is used to detect type 2 Diabetes, but is not the primary test for diagnosing type 1 Diabetes or Gestational Diabetes (GDM).

FASTING BLOOD SUGAR TEST

fasting Sugar Test also called as Fasting Plasma Glucose or FPG Test, this test is used to calculate the blood glucose levels after fasting or liquid for at least eight hours.

RANDOM BLOOD SUGAR TEST

This simple Blood Sugar test can be taken anytime regardless of what you last ate. Unlike FPG, a person need not fast for this test. It can be also taken even if you have eaten few moments ago.

ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE

For This Test, the patient is asked to fast for about 10-16 hours preferably overnight. However, one can consume water during the fasting. The next morning, a blood sample is analyzed.

LIVING WITH DIABETES

HEALTHY EATING

Important aspect of management of diabetes and one of the most important lifestyle modification is diabetes is healthy eating.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Regular physical activity is a key part of managing diabetes along with proper meal planning, taking medications as prescribed, and stress management.

MONITORING BLOOD SUGAR

It is important to check the level of blood glucose. The purpose of checking is to determine patterns of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.

HYPOGLYCEMIA

Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by abnormally low blood glucose (blood sugar) levels, usually less than 70 mg/dl.

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