Monitoring Your Blood Sugar

It is important to check the level of blood glucose and keeping its track as its helps in management of diabetes. The purpose of checking is to determine patterns of hyperglycemia( High Sugar Level) and hypoglycemia ( Low sugar level) and use this information to manage your medications, diet and exercise. The hyperglycemia leads to various diabetic complications and hypoglycemia leads to loss of consciousness and diminished cognitive functions ability and if uncontrolled might even lead to death.

Each individual is different and so is their approach in management and treatment. So your doctor decides the testing pattern for you. Some of the standard testing pattern includes :

  1. Fasting ( As soon as you get up in the morning with the fasting period – eating no food for 8 hrs)
  2. Before Lunch
  3. Post Prandial ( After Lunch 2 hrs)
  4. Before Dinner
  5. After Dinner ( 2 hrs later)
  6. At Night ( 2-3am)

The monitoring of blood glucose is done using devices known as glucometers. There are various glucometers which are available and have varied features but however they are easy to use, a very small amount of sample is required for testing and are accurate and reliable to get the reference readings of blood glucose.

How to check your Blood glucose levels :

  1. Wash and dry your hands thoroughly
  2. Prepare the glucose meter. Each meter works a bit differently, so ensure you read the directions carefully. Also get sufficient training from your diabetes educator /Pharmacist for effective use of meter and supplies.
  3. Choose the spot to check, use a different finger each time. It is best to prick the side of the fingertip using the lancet device. Keep the lancet device stick to the finger and push the button.
  4. Squeeze out a drop of blood. If hard to get out gently squeeze the finger. Ensure you squeeze it on to the test strip, some test strips suck blood onto the strip (Follow Manufacture’s direction)
  5. Wait for the results until blood glucose value is displayed on the screen and record them.
  6. Dispose off the lancet

Keeping Records :

Not just monitoring of blood sugar is important, Record keeping is essential in management of all types of diabetes. The testing pattern and the frequency of monitoring vary depending on the type of diabetes. Record keeping helps in understanding and keeping track of how daily activities (Diet, exercise etc) is affecting blood sugar level.