Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile onset Diabetes) develops when the body is unable to produce any amount of insulin. This results in high amount of glucose in blood. Hence children with type 1 diabetes have to take lifelong insulin. This type of diabetes usually occurs before the age of 40 and around 5% of people have type 1 diabetes. But a common myth is that type 1 is more severe than type 2 diabetes. In reality all type of diabetes are severe diabetes and have to be controlled with proper management.

Cause of type 1 Diabetes :

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. However there are number of factors which might have lead to the destruction of beta cells of pancreas which produces insulin. It is an autoimmune disorder characterized by genetic predisposition, though 80% have no relatives with the disease.

Symptoms :

The symptoms include the same classical symptoms of type 2 diabetes

  1. Polyuria ( Frequent Urination)
  2. Polydypsia (Increased thirst)
  3. Polyphagia ( Increased Hunger)
  4. Dry skin and mouth
  5. Rapid weight loss
  6. Drowsiness
  7. Abdominal Pain
  8. Vomitting
  9. Ketoacidosis